Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
 by Gertie Hoymann

Topological Relations (BowPed)

This task is designed to elicit expressions of spatial relations. It was originally designed by Melissa Bowerman for use with young children, but was then developed further by Bowerman in collaboration with Pederson for crosslinguistic comparison. It has been used in fieldsites all over the world and is commonly known as “BowPed” or “TPRS”. Older incarnations did not always come with instructions. This entry includes a one-page instruction sheet and high quality versions of the original pictures.


Field Manual entry
Topological relations (2.52 MB)

Stimulus materials
Topological Relations Picture Series (5.19 MB)

How to cite this resource?

Bowerman, Melissa & Eric Pederson. 1992. Topological relations picture series. In Stephen C. Levinson (ed.), Space stimuli kit 1.2: November 1992, 51. Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics.