Language and Cognition Department, Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics
 by Mark Dingemanse

Initial References to Persons and Places

This task has two parts: (i) video-taped elicitation of the range of possibilities for referring to persons and places, and (ii) observations of (first) references to persons and places in video-taped natural interaction. The goal of this task is to establish the repertoires of referential terms (and other practices) used for referring to persons and to places in particular languages and cultures, and provide examples of situated use of these kinds of referential practices in natural conversation. This data will form the basis for cross-language comparison, and for formulating hypotheses about general principles underlying the deployment of such referential terms in natural language usage.


Field Manual entry
Initial References To Persons And Places (193.03 kB)
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How to cite this resource?

Brown, Penelope, Stephen C. Levinson & Gunter Senft. 2004. Initial references to persons and places. In Asifa Majid (ed.), Field Manual Volume 9, 37-44. Nijmegen: Max Planck Institute for Psycholinguistics.
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